With the hockey season around the corner, try these off-ice training tips
By Chris Phillips
Off-ice training for goalies plays a vital role in their development as hockey players. USA Hockey follows the Long Term Athletic Development principles as the basis of their program. These principles will assist in creating a more consistent training regimen.
Today’s training programs should not be based on how hard the program is, but what your objectives are and how you’re progressing. When training for a sport, the program should be devised with the following in mind:
- Is the program age specific?
- Is it based on meeting the demands of the sport the athlete plays?
- Are proper techniques being used?
- Does the program include fundamental movements that progress to more complex ones?
- Does the program address injury-prevention exercises that relate to the sport?
Should a Goalie Train Like a Skater?
Now that we covered some of the basics, here’s where it gets tricky. Both goalies and skaters play the same game, so can they train the same way off the ice?
Let’s look at the movements each player goes through during a game. A forward predominantly skates in a forward direction, weaving and turning as they skate up the ice. A defenseman will skate backwards more than the forwards during a game. Both will utilize a crossover step while turning as well. There is one main component that is similar with skaters: they mainly skate north and south in a linear pattern.
Now let’s look at how a goalie moves about the ice. Their movement is more lateral in fashion, sliding from post to post, not to mention dropping into a butterfly and getting back up on their skates quickly. It’s pretty obvious that the demands on a goalie are pretty different than those put upon a skater during a game. So if the demands are different, shouldn’t the training program be different?
That’s not to say that there will not be a lot of crossover in the training program, but that there are certain aspects that need to be addressed. This isn’t always as easy as it sounds. Many teams train together and it can be difficult for the Strength Coach to modify the program for the goalies, but it should be noted and modified as much as possible.
Now that we have deciphered that the demands on a goalie are different than those for a skater, and that their programs should also be different, what should be the focus of this off-ice training for goalies program?
The off-ice training for goalies program should focus on the age and level of the athlete. Exercises that are good for one goalie may be too complex for another. Always begin simple. Then, as the athlete masters the exercise, make it increasingly difficult. Adding resistance, placing the athlete on an unstable surface or making the movement more complex are all good examples of how to make the training more difficult.
Below are some of the basic principles that should be included in an off-ice training for goalies dry land program:
- Agility exercises that focus on lateral movement
- Plyometric exercises that focus on lateral movement
- Single leg- and hip-strengthening exercises
- Core stability
- Shoulder strengthening and stability exercises
- Hand-eye coordination
There is an unlimited amount of exercises that can be used with goalies that will improve performance on the ice. Using the principles previously mentioned, here are some key exercises that can be implemented into your goalie training program:
- Lateral lunges
- Lateral bounds
- Resisted shuffles
- Mini-band exercises for hip strength
- Rear foot-elevated split squats
- Medicine ball Russian Twists
- Dumbbell forward, diagonal, and lateral shoulder-raises
- Dumbbell rows
- Alternate ball toss with a partner
As a goalie, the way you train off the ice directly affects the way you perform on the ice. Take a step-by-step approach with long-term athletic development in mind. Have goals in mind with proper technique and progression as the basis of your program to maximize performance and limit injuries.
Chris Phillips is a certified Athletic Trainer and Strength & Conditioning Specialist with over 20 years of experience in professional sports. He spent 8 years in the NHL, with the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim and the Washington Capitals, and was a member of the 2003 Mighty Ducks Stanley Cup Finalists. Phillips now owns and operates Compete Sports Performance and Rehab in Orange County, Ca. Consult your physician before undertaking any training regimen to ensure it’s right for you.